Tai Chi Fighter Essential Links

Eastern Medicine Essentials

Acupuncture: Warrior-Acupuncturist Network

Acupuncture: Chinese Channels and Vessel acupoints

Acupuncture: Korean Sa Sang Constitution Medicine

Acupuncture: SaAm: 5 element system

Acupuncture: Master Tong’s acupoints

Acupuncture: Constitution acupuncture

Chinese Medicine: Diagnosis and Internal medicine

Chinese Medicine: Psychology

Chinese Medicine: OB/GYN

Chinese Medicine: Face Reading in Oriental Medicine

Chinese Medicine: other TCM notes, Nei Dan.

Diet: Intro to Chinese Diet Therapy with Wilson and Amy

Diet: Chinese Diet therapy Part II

Herbology: Chinese Herbs I

Herbology: Chinese Herbs II

Herbalogy: Formulas using Chinese herbs

Herbology: Formulas study II

Massage: from a Tai Chi master

Massage: Massage: Tui-na for children

Massage: General massage points for health

Massage: Pulse/Palpitation areas in Eastern medicine

Qigong: Acupoints in relation to Kundalini Yoga

Qigong: Taiji and Qigong structural alignments

Combative: Tai Chi pugilist methods and how to train a fighter

Universal principles in fighting

Da Shou in Taijiquan Combat training

A fighter’s curriculum

Tai Chi Combat training

Developing a Tai Chi fighter that can hang with other combat sport fighters: MMA, Muay Thai, Boxing, BJJ.

Da Shou: 5 hammers

Chinese Tai Chi “classics” for fighting

Standing Gong Essentials

10 Essentials of Taijiquan with images

Jin Lu “force path” demystified

Building a daily practice to develop Taiji Gong Fu

Ti-Fang: Tai Chi chuan’s secret training

Recommended Teachers World Wide

Cheng Man Ching’s student network

Tai Chi parks in DC/VA/MD metro area

Wushu Reference page

Posted in Fighting: San Shou/Sanda/Shuai Chiao, TCM, Massage and Dietary therapy | Tagged , | Leave a comment

2018 Chinese Medicine Orthopedics and Microsystems

Books for this semester:

Disorders: Qi and Blood, Blood and Qi, Ying Qi, and Wei Qi.

Fractures, Dislocations, Sublaxations, Sprains, Strains

Neck: Cervical spine

Exercise, Qigong, and Health Maintenance.

spurling’s test for neck injury

Elbows, Wrists, Fingers Tests


Elbow, Wrist, Fingers: Tennis Elbow, Golfer’s Elbow, etc.

Back and Spine: LBP, Herniated Disc, Spondylosis, Spinal Stenosis, etc.

Si Joint, Hip joint, knees, Feet

Systemic Orthopedics

Auricular acupuncture therapy

Section and distribution-


Nogier’s system

Face and Nose

Foot and Hand Systems

Foot Acupuncture System

Chinese Hand System

Korean Hand Acupuncture

Scalp (also see clinical techniques section more detail)

Yamamoto’s scalp acupuncture

Zhu Ming Qing Scalp acupuncture

Bagua Scalp acupuncture

Clinical Techniques

9 Needles


Moxabustion with Chinese herb “Ai Ye”

Cupping: use of negative pressure

Continuous needle stimulation with Electroacupuncture

Intradermal, Cutaneous, and Press Needling

Scalp Acupuncture

Kinesio Tape: lymph enhancing taping

Wrist and Ankle acupuncture: Upper and Lower half of body. 6 sections of the body and limbs.

Guasha: scrape the skin to move qi and blood.

Penetrating Needle a strong treatment for Stubborn and Chronic issues

Posted in Acupuncture, Health/Qigong/Healing, TCM, Massage and Dietary therapy | Leave a comment

Talks on Yang Family Taijiquan with Fu Zhongwen and James Fu

A young Fu Zhongwen with Yang Chenfu

Fu Zhongwen was a chief inheritor of Yang Chenfu’s Taijiquan. He was one of the closest disciples, a lineage-holder, and in-law to the Yang Family. He spent his earlier days in Guang Fu town as neighbor and student of Yang Banhou’s son, Yang Zhaopen in Yongnian county. He was sent to Shanghai to help with efforts there and become disciple to Yang Chenfu. Some of his training brothers included Chen Weiming, Cui Yishi, Niu Chimming, Li Yashuen, Chu Guiting, and Tian Zhaolin.

Opening words by Fu Zhongwen: Origin Taiji is One style.

On Yang Luchan taking a fight:

On the various generations and Learning the Authentic and Original Taiji:

Persevere through practice: as a martial art, for health: spine, stomach, sleep, fighting disease like cancer:

Words of encouragment

Group photo

Fu Shengyuan passed away this year. Slantedflying.com wrote a nice detailed piece here. Though I was not a direct student of him, I was part of the 50th anniversary of the Yongnian Association in Shanghai China in 1994. There we did train in long form, single push hands, rou shou, double hand push hands, moving step push hands, and Da Lu. It was a very friendly and open experience, the complete opposite of what I had experienced in America with many of the secretive 3rd generation proponents of Cheng Man Ching. Overall, I was very blessed by the eye opening experience. People were asked to come up and speak. I spoke on how important it would benefit Americans to have more martial arts like Taijiquan introduced into public schools at a younger age to improve health, encourage sports, and other extracurricular activities.

Fu Zhongwen form

Taiji ‘One Family’ commentary on Yang Taijiquan in Shanghai China.

You can read the unofficial edition here: Yang Taiji One Family across the straits.

Before 1949: Fu Zhongwen started Yongnian Taijiquan Association in 1944.

After 1949:

50th anniversary Yongnian Association 1994:

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Western Medicine for National Acupuncture students

last update 12/09/2018 (much much more to add)
To add: Pathophysiology #2 notes, Neurological Examination notes. diagnostic tests notes, more pharmacology notes. Everything to add will be based on NCCAOM requirements.

Anatomy and Physiology I, II, III notes.

Western Medicine Terminology: know over 600 terms.
Digestive system, Urinary system, Reproductive system, Nervous System, Cardiovascular system, Respiratory system,
Hematology, Lymphatic and Immune system, musculoskeletal system, Integumentary (Skin) system, sense organs, Endocrine system, Oncology, Radiology, Pharmacology, and Psychiatry.

Anatomy- structure
Physiology- function
Chemicals: Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen. Body is 97% Carbon
Cellular: Protein- muscle (amino acids), Carbohydrate (gloucose)- everything, Lipid- fatty acid.
Amino acid and Glucose: from blood to capillaries into cell.
Lysosomes- from carbohydrate in cell (old protein, old lipid).
Mitochondria- independent, new DNA, different from nucleus.
Glucose- from carbohydrate (long chain) that goes to mitochondria to create energy ATP. Mitochondria is the power plant.

Diffusion- from high concentrate to low concentrate.
Filtration- high pressure to low pressure
Osmosis- low to high concentration. Solvent. No solution.
Endocytosis- into
Phagocytosis- white blood cell eat pathogen
Pinocytosis- drink.
Anabolism- get fat (save energy)
Catabloism- food to create energy (spend).
Tissue is a group of specialized cells.
1. Epithelial- outside, lining of respiratory and digestion.
2. Connective
3. Muscle
4. Nervous
70% of body is muscles connective tissue- blood.
Areolar- fascia, muscle membrane
Adipose- fat
Reticular- framework that keeps organs in place.
Dense- ligaments and tendons.
Compact- Bone
Spongy- bone marrow
Hyaline Cartilage- end of bones
Elastic- nose, ears
Fibrocartliage- tensile like the discs in vertabre.
Blood, Lymph- blood is RBC w/iron and O2. Lymph is blood without RBC.
Muscle tissue:
Skeletal- moves bones voluntary
Cardiac- heart beat involuntary
Smooth- GI tract. Stomach 3 layers, LI- 2 layers- involuntary.
Circulatory system: cardiovascular and lymphatic.
Healthy cell vs sick cell- urinary expel.
Hypothalamus-> pituitary gland-> hormones to blood vessels-> target cells -> function.
Hypertension/hypotension: high/low hormone amount.
Body has ability to heal and repair self if not diseased. East- harmonize yin/yang. West- fix if broken.
Epithelial tissue (3) Cutaneous- skin covering. Mucous- lining outside. Serous- smaller sacs.
Serous (3 types): pleural- lung. Pericardium- heart. Peritoneum- abdominal membrane.
Synovial- joints and spine.
Anatomical positions:
Mid-sagittal- left and right
Frontal/coronal- side cut
Transverse/horizontal- half cut
Mid-sagittal- symmetrical.
Flex/extend- sagittal
Abduction/aduction- frontal/coronal
Rotation- transverse/horizontal.
Muscle- builds heat, movement, contains blood vessels, most blood in body. Shiver to survive.
Synovial membrane- create the fluid, more fluid means more cartilage.
Doral cavity is both cranial and spinal cavity.
Ventral cavity- front
Thoracic cavity- heart, lung, anterior cavity.
Diaphragm- flat muscle, moving up and down.
Abdominpelvic cavity- digestive system.
Superior, cranial, cephalic- top
Inferior, caudal- lower, tail.
Ventral- front/anterior
Dorsal- posterior, back.
Medial- middle
Lateral- side
Ipsilateral, homolateral- same side
Contralateral- opposite side
Proximal- closer to body
Distal- farther from body
Deep, central- inside, center.
Superficial- outside
Frontal- forehead
Orbital- eye
Otic/auricular- of the ear
Buccal- cheek
Nasal- nose
Mandible- lower jaw
Oral- mouth
Mental- chin
Cervical- neck joints
Nuchal- posterior neck
Mediastinal- middle of sternal bone
Costal- ribs
Pectoral- chest, mammary- breast.
Abdmonical/celiac- digestive
Umbilical- navel
Inguinal- hip joint crease
Pubic- pubis
Perineal- bottom
Gluteal- hip, seat
Axillary- arm pit
Antebrachial- forearm
Brachial- upper arm
Cubital- around elbow
Antecubital- inner part of elbow
Carpal- wrist
Palmar, volar- palm
Thenar- thumb
Hypothenar- little finger side
Digital, pharangeal
Pollex- thumb
Coxal- coccyx
Femoral- upper thigh
Patellar- knee
Popliteal- behind knee
Cural- leg (after knee, before ankle)
Sural, Calf- behind leg.
Pedal- foot
Dorsum- top of foot
Plantar, volar- bottom foot
Tarsal- ankle
Calcaneal- heel bone, calcaneous.
Digital phalangeal- toes
Hallux- big toe.
Fascicle- unit of muscles, bundle of fibers
Muscle fiber- muscle cell, a fiber within the fascicle.
Myofiliments- filaments that make up the muscle fiber: actin (thin) mosin (thick).
Sarcolemma- cell membrane
Sarcoplasm- cytoplasm
Sarcoplasmic reticulum- protein
Actin- thin myofiliment
Myosin- thick myofiliments
Motor neuron- moves to brain for muscle movement.
Sliding filament mechanism- actin and myosin sliding to contraction.
Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)- mitochondria w/ o2 and gloucose
Excitability- contract muscle
Contractability- contraction
Extensibility- extend out, opposite contractability
Elasticity- healthy flexible muscle.
ATP causes myosin and actin to contract and pull muscles.
Muscle shapes:
Parallel- long
Convergent- thick flat tendon
Spiral- like in shoulder muscles
Circular- eye and mouth muscles
Pennate: leaf shape, muscles combining.
Agonist- prime mover
Antagonist- opposite of agonist. Example: bicep to flex arm (agonist), tricep (antagonist) to extend arm.
Synergist- helps a muscle
Fixator- keeps muscle still.
Origin- start of muscle
Insertion- finish, attach to bone.
Isotonic- lift
Isometric- anti-lift (controlled lowering) example: hold baby- isotonic, put baby to bed- isometric.
Lever system- load (resistance), pull (force), fulcrum (fixed point).
Proprioceptor (2)- muscle spindle- inside muscle belly, and golgi tendon organs: inside tendon.

Respiratory system:
Olfaction- smell
Palatine tonsil- catches pathogens
Epiglottis- covers air and esophagus tube
Bronchi- branches in lungs
Bronchioles- smaller branches
Alveoli- terminal
Vomer- divides left and right in nose.
Turdinate conchae- lateral nasal bones
Cilia- hair like projections in lungs
Epistaxis- nosebleed
Sinus- air cavities, create resonance.
External respiration and pulmonary respiration- lungs
Internal respiration- tissue/cellular level.
Tissue respiration- cellular response – mitochondira/atp.
Pulmonary ventilation- air from outside to inside
Diaphragm- pulls air in
External intercoastals- chest breathing
Heimlich- choking technique.

Digestive System-
4 functions- ingestion- food to mouth, digestion- break down of food, absorption- nutrition, defecation- expel waste from body.
Amylase- breaks down carbs
Starch: polysaccharides
Maltose- disaccharides (2)
Gluocose- monosaccharaides.
Lipase- enzyme break down lipid
Triglycerides- 3 tailed lipid
Carbohydrate- make by golgi body
Protein- nitorogen
Lipid- fat
Mineral- small nutrient
Vitamin- bigger nutrient
Water- absord directly
Bile- produced by liver, sotred in GB,helps break down fats.
Lacteal- small intestine wall, lymphatic system
Hepatic portal vein- liver as inspector of blood before it goes to heart. Enters here first.
Msstication- chewing
Parotid- salivary gland behind ear
Submandibular- cheek, under neck
Sublingual- under tongue
Deglutition- swallowing
Stomach parts: esophagus, cardiac spinchter, fundus, body, pyloric
Rugae- wrinkles in the stomach

Small intestines: duodenum- 12 finger length, jejunum- longest part of SI 6-8 meters. Ileum- long twisted part.
Pancreas- duct for GB. Liver makes bile, Gall bladder – stores bile.
Large intestines- ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum, anus.
Cecum- lower part of L.I. contains appendix.
Cardio vascular system:
Artery- big vessels
Arterioles- smaller vessels
Capillaries- microscopic
Venules- smaller veins
Vein- large vessels
Vasodilatation- open
Vasoconstriction- closed
Blood- transports gases, nutrients, hormones, heat.
Blood contains: plasma, formed elents like white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets.
Erythorocytes- red blood cells (RBC).
Leukocytes- white blood cells (WBC).
Neutrophile- neutral
Eosinophile- acidic
Basophile- alkaline
Thrombocyte- coagulation (platelets as well.
AB blood type is the universal receipiant
O type- universal donar
Blood vessels-
Vena cava- largest vein in body
Right atrium to right atrioventrical valve to tricuspid valve, then to right ventricle to Lung, to pulmonary semilunar valve- to left atrium and then left atrioventricular valve. From Lung to bicuspid valve, mitral valve- to left ventricle to aortic semilunar valve- aorta to body.
Pericardium surround heart
Epicardium is under pericardium.
Coronary vessel- blood for hearts survival
Myocardium- cardiac muscle
Heart muscle- myocardium
Endocardium- lining of heart
Papillary muscles- endocardium surrounded by papillary muscles.
Pulmonary circuit- to and from the lung.
Systemic circuit- away from heart to body and returns to heart.
Left ventricle problem: aorta
Right ventricle problem- vena cava, liver.
Systole- contraction
Diastole- (relaxation)
3 important: heart rate, stroke volume, and cardiac output.
Hypertension/HBP: 1. Blood speed. 2. Blood volume. 3. Blood vessel condition (can’t contain blood).
Heart Rate- BPM
Stroke volume- volume left output
Cardiac output: left ventricle per minute.
Heart conduction system: sinoatrial node- sa node- right atrium.
Atrioventricular node/AV node-between ‘Bundle of his’ nerves, between right and left chambers.
2 branches: left side of heart ‘purkinje fibers. And left side of heart. Contract right and left muscles of the heart.

Sketetal System:

Nerves control muscles- motion with skeleton
Hemiporisis- making blood
Blood cell formation: WBC, RBC, platlet, marrow.
206 bones in body
Periosteum, Sartorius- longest muscle, femour- longest bone.

If something happens to bone marrow: big problem for Liver and spleen.

Diaphasis: shaft of bone
Epiphysis- towards end of bone.
Periostrium- surrounding bone.

Blood vessels inside the bone, cell division, more blood cells.
Haverson canals- longitudinal vessels
Volmans canals- bone to other parts- horizontal.
Mediullary cavity: fat
Mediphysis- middle between diaphysis and epiphisis
Osteoblast- baby bone cell
Osteocyte- adult bone cell
Osteoclast- bone destroying cell.
Parathyroid- horomone released to add calcium to bone.
Exoskeleton: vertebrae: 7 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, sacrum, coccyx. Shoulder girdle: 2 clavical and 2 scapular.
Process- general prominence
Tuberosity- tubercle, condyle, head.
Fossa, notch (v form), groove – valley, sinus- hollow, meatus- tube, foramen- hole.

Urinary System-
Kidney- filter blood, renal artery.
Ureters- tubes from kidney
Urinary bladderis the bladder.
Urethra- tube from bladder to sex organ.
Homeostasis- ph balance acidic below 7/alkaline 7.1 -7.4
Stomach acid- ph 2, Clorox- ph 14.
Acid is released in urine.

Cortex- outise
Medulla- inside
Afferent arteriole- small branch of renal artery to glomerulus.
Glomerulus- betweent he two, urine created.
Efferent arteriole- exit to arteries of kidney from glomerulus.
Peritubular capillaries- capillary level.
Renal venule- small vein.
Renal vein- bigger vein.
Inferior vena cava- vena cava to heart.
Bowman capsule- contains glomerulus 2-3 million.

Renal tuble- drainage of glomerulus to collecting duct, collecting duct to renal papilla to minor calyx to major calyx- to renal pelvis.
Tubular reabsorption- reabsorption of wter, so do not go every 5 min.
Nephron- basic unit of kidney function
Renal corpuscle- nephrons
Peristalisis- one way direction
Rugae- flexible cells like ST, GB, UB.
Trigone- 2 ureters and 1 urethra.
Internal sphincter- involuntary
External sphincter- voluntary
Micturition- urination, opening of external sphincter.

Reproductive system:

Gonads: ovaries, testes
Gametes- sperm, egg
Spermatozoa- sperm
Oocyte- egg
Offspring- children

Testis- create sperm
Epididymis- where sperm grow
Vas defens- spermatic ducts
Ejaculatory ducts- seminal vesicles to prostate.
Sperm- alkaline in seminal vesicles, sperm ejaculatory duct to prostate, bulbourethral to – protective chemical.

Ovaries- egg
Progesterone, estrogen, relaxin, Inhibin- hormones
Fallopian tubes- oviducts
Uterus- 3 layers: endometrium is outer, Myometrium- muscle/uterus muscle, perimerium is inner.
Vagina contains rugae. Bartholin glands lubricate vagina
Vulva- outer side
Mon pubic- cushion of pubic symphysis. Labia majora, labia minor, clitoris.

Integementary system: Skin

Epidermis- no blood
Dermis- blood (true skin)
Hypodermis- muscle, fat, fascia level.

Skin- largest organ
Liver- largest internal organ Circulatory system includes both cardiovascular system and lymphatic system. Skin is actually part of nervous system.

Nervous system:

Brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, spinal fluid, CSF in the meninges. Sense organs, neurotransmitters: from brain to involve muscles.

Sensory input: from sense organs to spinal cord the brain

Interpretive: brain answering questions.
Decision- motor output to muscles.
Mental and emotional.
Dendrite (cell body)-> spinal cord- axon.

Presynaptic to synaptic cleft (space) post synaptic

Brain: cerebrum: frontal, parietal, temporal, occipital. Diencephalons: thalamus, pineal body, hypothalamus. Brain stem: midbrain, pons, medulla oblongata. Cerebellum.
Horn-columns-tracts (ascending and descending). Horn hasfront, lateral and posterior sections. Columns are the area outside the horn. Tracts are within the Horn.
Layers of spinal cord: duramater, arachnoid, Pia matter.
Cerebral spinal fluid is in the subarachnoid space.
Stomach: 3 to 5 day cells
After 18 years old: heart and nerve cells cannot rebuild.
Hair cells: everyday
Stem cells: can rebuild
Epidural space: where the ‘epidural shot” is placed.
Use on patient: Dermatomes: sensory input test at skin level.
Myotomes: motor output control test. Muscle test.

Endocrine system:

Exocrine glands release hormones, hormones are the chemical messengers. Many hormones start in the hypothalamus. Pituitary gland is below hypothalamus. Pineal gland is in the brain as well and uses melatonin. Thyroid and parathyroid is in the throat, thymus between heart and sternum, adrenals on top of kidneys, pancreatic islets- for digestion/ insulin. Ovaries and testes in female and male.

TSH- thyroid stimulating hormone
ACTH- adrenocorticotropic hormone.
GH- growth hormone
Gonadtropic hormones
FSH- follicle stimulating hormone
LH- luteinizing hormone
ADH- anti diuretic hormone
Oxytocin hormone
MSH- melanocyte stimulating hormone.

Lymphatic system:

Lymph, lymph vessels, lymph glands, lymphatic organs, lymph node, lymphphocytes (WBC)

Smallest to largest: lymph capillary- lymph vessels, lymph trunk, lymph ducts, right lymph duct (right side), thoracic duct (left side).

WBC are created: red bone marrow, thymus, spleen
MALT: mucosal associated lymphoid tissue: mouth to anus mucous membrane.
Tonsil: WBC
Peyer;s patch in small intestines, illium has WBC
Veriform appendix of large intestines has WBC.

End of Medical terminology

Pathophysiology I and II


Internal Medicine Section I.

Food Poisoning

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD)

Internal medicine fall 2018



Biochemistry and Nutrition

Physical Examination

Head and neck:

Schedule of Drugs
Schedule 1:

Ketobemidone is a powerful opioid analgesic. Its effectiveness against pain is in the same range as morphine, and it also has some NMDA-antagonist properties imparted by its metabolite norketobemidone.
Allylprodine is an opioid analgesic that is an analog of prodine. It was discovered in by Hoffman-La Roche in 1957 during research into the related drug pethidine.
Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opiate typically used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects. Medically it is occasionally used to relieve pain and as a form of opioid replacement therapy alongside counseling.

Schedule II
Opioid derivatives:
Ethylmorphine is an opioid analgesic and antitussive.
Hydrocodone, also known as dihydrocodeinone, is a semi-synthetic opioid synthesized from codeine, one of the opioid alkaloids found in the opium poppy.
Metopon is an opioid analogue that is a methylated derivative of hydromorphone which was invented in 1929 as an analgesic
Thebaine, also known as codeine methyl enol ether, is an opiate alkaloid, its name coming from the Greek Θῆβαι, Thēbai, an ancient city in Upper Egypt.
Anileridine is a synthetic analgesic drug and is a member of the piperidine class of analgesic agents developed by Merck & Co. in the 1950s.
Dihydrocodeine is a semi-synthetic opioid analgesic prescribed for pain or severe dyspnea, or as an antitussive, either alone or compounded with paracetamol or aspirin. It was developed in Germany in 1908 and first marketed in 1911.
Diphenoxylate, or diphenoxylate hydrochloride, is a centrally active opioid drug of the phenylpiperidine series that is used for the treatment of diarrhea.
Levomethorphan is an opioid analgesic of the morphinan family that has never been marketed. It is the L-stereoisomer of racemethorphan.
Methadone is an opioid medication. An opioid is sometimes called a narcotic. Methadone reduces withdrawal symptoms in people addicted to heroin.
Meperidine is used to help relieve moderate to severe pain. It may also be used before and during surgery or other procedures. Meperidine belongs to a class of drugs known as opioid (narcotic) analgesics and is similar to morphine. It works in the brain to change how your body feels and responds to pain. (Demerol)
Morphine is used to relieve moderate to severe pain. It belongs to the group of medicines called narcotic analgesics (pain medicines). Morphine acts on the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain.
Meperidine is used to help relieve moderate to severe pain. It may also be used before and during surgery or other procedures. Meperidine belongs to a class of drugs known as opioid (narcotic) analgesics and is similar to morphine. It works in the brain to change how your body feels and responds to pain.
Oxycodone is a semisynthetic opioid synthesized from thebaine, an opioid alkaloid found in the Persian poppy, and one of the many alkaloids found in the .
Methamphetamine (contracted from N-methylamphetamine) is a strong central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is mainly used as a recreational drug
Amphetamine is a potent central nervous system stimulant that is used in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, narcolepsy, and obesity.
Phenmetrazine is a stimulant drug that was previously used as an appetite suppressant, but has since been withdrawn from the market.
Methylphenidate is used to treat attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Amobarbital is a drug that is a barbiturate derivative. It has sedative-hypnotic properties. It is a white crystalline powder with no odor and a slightly bitter taste. It was first synthesized in Germany in 1923.
Secobarbital sodium is a barbiturate derivative drug that was patented in 1934 in the US. It possesses anaesthetic, anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, sedative
Pentobarbital is in a group of drugs called barbiturates (bar-BIT-chur-ates). Pentobarbital slows the activity of your brain and nervous system. Pentobarbital is used short-term to treat insomnia. Pentobarbital is also used as an emergency treatment for seizures, and to cause you to fall asleep for surgery.

Schedule III
Phendimetrazine is a sympathomimetic amine, which is similar to an amphetamine. It is also known as an “anorectic” or “anorexigenic” drug. Phendimetrazine stimulates the central nervous system (nerves and brain), which increases your heart rate and blood pressure and decreases your appetite.
Methyprylon is a sedative of the piperidinedione derivative family developed by Hoffmann-La Roche. This medicine was used for treating insomnia.
Nalorphine, also known as N-allyl-normorphine, is a mixed opioid agonist–antagonist with opioid antagonist and analgesic properties.
Amobarbital is a drug that is a barbiturate derivative. It has sedative-hypnotic properties. It is a white crystalline powder with no odor and a slightly bitter taste. It was first synthesized in Germany in 1923.
Secobarbital sodium is a barbiturate derivative drug that was patented in 1934 in the US. It possesses anaesthetic, anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, sedative.
Pentobarbital It can treat tension, anxiety, nervousness, and trouble falling asleep (insomnia). It can help patients relax before surgery or medical procedures. In addition, it can treat epilepsy and other seizures.

Schedule IV
Chloral hydrate, a sedative, is used in the short-term treatment of insomnia (to help you fall asleep and stay asleep for a proper rest) and to relieve anxiety and induce sleep before surgery. It is also used after surgery for pain and to treat alcohol withdrawal.
Chloral betaine, also known as cloral betaine, is a sedative-hypnotic drug. It was introduced by Mead Johnson in the United States in 1963.
Ethchlorvynol is a sedative and hypnotic medication developed by Pfizer in the 1950s. In the United States it was sold by Abbott Laboratories under the tradename Placidyl. Placidyl was available in 200 mg., 500 mg., and 750 mg. strength capsules
Meprobamate is a carbamate with hypnotic, sedative, and some muscle relaxant properties, although in therapeutic doses reduction of anxiety
Paraldehyde is the cyclic trimer of acetaldehyde molecules. Formally, it is a derivative of 1,3,5-trioxane. The corresponding tetramer is metaldehyde. A colourless liquid, it is sparingly soluble in water and highly soluble in ethanol. used to treat certain convulsive disorders.
Phenobarbital is a barbiturate, nonselective central nervous system depressant which is primarily used as a sedative hypnotic and also as an anticonvulsant
Chlordiazepoxide is used for: Treating anxiety disorders and withdrawal symptoms due to alcoholism. It is also used to reduce fear and anxiety before undergoing surgery. It may be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor
Diazepam is a benzodiazepine (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). It affects chemicals in the brain that may be unbalanced in people with anxiety.
Flurazepam (marketed under the brand names Dalmane and Dalmadorm) is a drug which is a benzodiazepine derivative. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties.
Clorazepate (marketed under the brand names Tranxene and Novo-Clopate), also known as clorazepatedipotassium, is a benzodiazepine. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative, hypnotic, and skeletal muscle relaxant properties.
Pemoline stimulates the central nervous system (brain and nerves). The exact way that pemoline work is unknown. Pemoline is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Pemoline may also be used for purposes other than those listed in this medication guide.
Pentazocine is a synthetically-prepared prototypical mixed agonist–antagonist narcotic (opioid analgesic) drug of the benzomorphan class of opioids used to treat moderate to moderately severe pain.
Oxazepam is a short-to-intermediate-acting benzodiazepine. Oxazepam is used for the treatment of anxiety and insomnia and in the control of symptoms of depression, and alcohol withdrawl.

Schedule V
– Compounds containing limited amounts of codeine, dihydrocodeine, ethylmorphine, opium, or diphenoxylate in combination with other nonnarcotic active ingredients. (In all cases, the allowable concentration of these agents is loser than the compounds included in Schedule III.
– Diphenoxylate and atropine preparations (e.g, Lomotil).
Diphenoxylate (INN, BAN) (brand name Diocalm), or diphenoxylate hydrochloride (USAN), is a centrally active opioid drug of the phenylpiperidine series that is used for the treatment of diarrhea.
Atropine: It can treat heart rhythm problems, stomach or bowel problems, and certain types of poisoning when injected. It can also decrease saliva before surgery and dilate the pupils before an eye exam.

Arsphenamine, also known as Salvarsan or compound 606, is a drug that was introduced at the beginning of the 1910s as the first effective treatment for syphilis, and was also used to treat trypanosomiasis.
Penicillin (PCN or pen) is a group of antibiotics which include penicillin G (intravenous use), penicillin V (use by mouth), procaine penicillin, and benzathine …
Sulfonamide is the basis of several groups of drugs. The original antibacterial sulfonamides are synthetic antimicrobial agents that contain the sulfonamide group.
Streptomycin is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections. This includes tuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium complex, endocarditis, brucellosis
Bacitracin It can prevent infection of minor cuts, burns, and scrapes when applied topically. In other forms it can also treat bacterial infections.
Nitrofurans are synthetic chemotherapeutic agents with a broad antimicrobial spectrum; they are active against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria
Chloramphenicol is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. This includes as an eye ointment to treat conjunctivitis.
Polymyxins are antibiotics, with a general structure consisting of a cyclic peptide with a hydrophobic tail. They disrupt the structure of the bacterial cell membrane by interacting with its phospholipids This medication is used to treat bacterial infections (such as blepharitis, conjunctivitis) of the eye. It contains 2 antibiotics.
Chlortetracycline is a tetracycline antibiotic, the first tetracycline to be identified. It was discovered in 1945 by Benjamin Minge Duggar working at Lederle Laboratories under the supervision of Yellapragada Subbarow.
Cephalosporins are bactericidal (kill bacteria) and work in a similar way to penicillins. They bind to and block the activity of enzymes responsible for making.
Pleuromutilin and its derivatives are antibacterial drugs that inhibit protein synthesis in bacteria by binding to the peptidyl transferase component of the 50S subunit of ribosomes
Erythromycin is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. This includes respiratory tract infections, skin infections, chlamydia
Isoniazid, also known as isonicotinylhydrazide (INH), is an antibiotic used for the treatment of tuberculosis.
Vancomycin is used to treat an infection of the intestines caused by Clostridium difficile, which can cause watery or bloody diarrhea.
Streptogramins are a class of antibiotics. Streptogramins are effective in the treatment of vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus, two of the most rapidly growing strains of multidrug-resistant bacteria.

Cycloserine, sold under the brand name Seromycin, is an antibiotic used to treat tuberculosis. Specifically it is used, along with other antituberculosis and UTI.
NOVOBIOCIN (Cathomycin) is a new antibiotic isolated from cultures of Streptomyces spheroides 1 and effective in vitro against a variety of gram-positive
rifamycins are bactericidal and inhibit bacterial DNA-dependent RNA polymerase, suppressing RNA synthesis
Metronidazole is used to treat bacterial infections of the vagina, stomach, skin, joints, and respiratory tract. … Do not drink alcohol while you are taking metronidazole and for at least 3 days after you stop taking it. You may have unpleasant side effects such as fast heartbeats
Nalidixic acid is used for: Treating urinary tract infections caused by certain bacteria. Nalidixic acid is an antibacterial. It works by killing sensitive bacteria in the urinary tract by stopping the production of essential proteins needed by the bacteria to survive.
Trimethoprim (TMP) is an antibiotic used mainly in the treatment of bladder infections. Other uses include for middle ear infections and travelers’ diarrhea.
Lincomycin is an antibiotic that fights bacteria. Lincomycin is used to treat severe bacterial infections in people who cannot use penicillin antibiotics. Lincomycin is used only for a severe infection. This medicine will not treat a viral infection such as the common cold or flu.
Fusidic acid (Neosporin) is prescribed for skin infections caused by germs called staphylococcal bacteria. Such infections include impetigo, infected cuts and grazes, and infected dermatitis. … Fusidic acid cream and sodium fusidate ointment are antibacterial preparations which usually clear …

Fosfomycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic produced by certain Streptomyces species, although it can now be made by chemical synthesis. For UTI.
MUPIROCIN OINTMENT – TOPICAL (mue-PIR-oh-sin) … USES: Mupirocin is used to treat certain skin infections (e.g., impetigo). … SIDE EFFECTS: This medication may cause burning, stinging, itching or pain at first as your body adjusts to it
Carbapenems are antibiotics used for the treatment of infections known or suspected to be caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. Their use is primarily in people who are hospitalized.
Oxazolidinone antibiotics are a class of synthetic antibacterial agents that act as a protein synthesis inhibitor on the ribosomal 50S subunit of the bacteria.
Monobactams are β-lactam compounds wherein the β-lactam ring is alone and not fused to another ring, in contrast to most other β-lactams. They are effective only against aerobic Gram-negative bacteria
Daptomycin is a lipopeptide antibiotic used in the treatment of systemic and life-threatening infections caused by Gram-positive organisms.
Amoxicillin is used to treat infections caused by bacteria, such as ear infections, bladder infections, stomach ulcers etc. Includes amoxicillin side effects, interactions and …
Ampicillin is an antibiotic used to prevent and treat a number of bacterial infections, such as respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, meningitis,
Dicloxacillin is a narrow-spectrum β-lactam antibiotic of the penicillin class. It is used to treat infections caused by susceptible (non-resistant) Gram-positive bacteria.
Nafcillin sodium is a narrow-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic of the penicillin class. As a beta-lactamase-resistant penicillin,
Methicillin: A semisynthetic penicillin-related antibiotic, also known as Staphcillin, that once was effective against staphylococci (staph) resistant to penicillin …
Oxacillin is an antibiotic in the penicillin group of drugs. It fights bacteria in your body. Oxacillin is used to treat many different types of infections caused by bacteria, such as a staphylococcal (also called “staph”) infection. Oxacillin may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.
Quinolone antibiotic medications include: Ciprofloxacin (Ciloxan Ophthalmic and Cipro) Levofloxacin (Levaquin and QUIXIN Ophthalmic) Lomefloxacin (Maxaquin) Moxifloxacin (Avelox)
Rifampicin, also known as rifampin, is an antibiotic used to treat several types of bacterial infections. This includes tuberculosis, leprosy, and Legionnaire’s …
β-lactam antibiotics are a class of broad-spectrum antibiotics, consisting of all antibiotic agents that contain a beta-lactam ring in their molecular structures. This includes penicillin derivatives, cephalosporins, monobactams, and carbapenems
Aminoglycosides are a class of antibiotics used mainly to treat serious infections in a clinical setting.
Glycopeptide antibiotics inhibit bacterial cell wall formation by inhibiting peptidoglycan synthesis. They are used for treating methicillin-resistant staphylococcus

Tetracycline is an antibiotic that fights infection caused by bacteria. Tetracycline is used to treat many different bacterial infections of the skin.
Macrolide: One in a class of antibiotics that includes Biaxin (Clarithromycin), Zithromax (Azithromycin), Dificid (Fidoximycin), and Erythromycin. The macrolides inhibit the growth of bacteria and are often prescribed to treat rather common bacterial infections.
Ansamycins is a family of bacterial secondary metabolites that show antimicrobial activity against many Gram-positive and some Gram-negative bacteria,

A lipopeptide is a molecule consisting of a lipid connected to a peptide. Bacteria express these molecules. They are able to self-assemble into different structures. Certain lipopeptides are used as antibiotics.
Rifampicin, also known as rifampin, is an antibiotic used to treat several types of bacterial infections. This includes tuberculosis, leprosy, and Legionnaire’
fluoroquinolones are a family of broad spectrum, systemic antibacterial agents that have been used widely as therapy of respiratory and urinary tract
Pyrimethamine is a synthetic derivative of ethyl-pyrimidine with potent antimalarial properties.
Vancomycin is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections. It is recommended intravenously as a first-line treatment for complicated skin infections,

Gastrointestinal drugs:

Loperamide: Imodium, Fad, and Select.Diarrhea medication
It can treat diarrhea. It can also decrease the amount of drainage in patients with ostomies.

Diphenoxylate: Lomotil , Diarrhea medication

Cloidine: Catapres, Duraclon, Kapvay, and Nexiclon. Sedative and antihypertensive drug
It can treat high blood pressure. Certain formulations can also treat ADHD and cancer pain.

Cholestyramine : Questran and Prevalite. Cholesterol medication
It can lower high cholesterol levels. It can also treat severe itching caused by liver disease.

Colestipol: Colestid. It can lower cholesterol levels.

Ocreotide: Sandostatin. It can lower levels of excess growth hormone (acromegaly). It can also treat diarrhea associated with certain types of tumors.

Ondasetron: Zofran and Zuplenz. 5-ht3 antagonist
It can prevent nausea and vomiting.

Granisetron: Sancuso and Granisol. 5-ht3 antagonist
It can prevent nausea and vomiting caused by cancer treatments such as radiation and chemotherapy, including cisplatin. It can also treat and prevent nausea and vomiting after surgery.

Promethazine: Phenergan, Phenadoz, and Promethegan. Antihistamine
It can treat allergies and motion sickness. It can be used as a sedative before and after surgery and medical procedures. This medication can also help control pain, nausea, and vomiting.

Metoclopramide: Reglan. Gut motility stimulator
It can treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It can also treat gastroparesis in patients with diabetes.

Hyoscine: Transdermscop, Kwells, is an antispasmodic medicine which is taken to relieve cramps in the stomach, intestines or bladder.
In particular, it helps to ease bloating and the spasm-type pain that can be associated with irritable bowel syndrome and diverticular disease

Dronabinol: Marinol. It can treat or prevent nausea and vomiting caused by cancer medications when other medications do not work. It can also increase the appetite of people with AIDS.

Dexamethasone: Ozurdex, Baycadron, and Maxidex. Steroid
It can treat inflammation.

Lorazepam: Ativan. Sedative
It can treat seizure disorders, such as epilepsy. It can also be used before surgery and medical procedures to relieve anxiety.

Omeprazole: Omesec, Prilosec, and Select. Proton-Pump inhibitor
It can treat heartburn, a damaged esophagus, stomach ulcers, and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Pantoprazole: Protonix. Proton-Pump inhibitor
It can treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and a damaged esophagus. It can also treat high levels of stomach acid caused by tumors.

clarithromycin: Biaxin Antibiotics
It can treat and prevent infections. It can also treat duodenal ulcers caused by H pylori.

Cimetidine:Tagamet Antacid and antihistamine
It can reduce acid in the stomach to treat ulcers and acid reflux.

Ranitidine: Zantac and Select. Antacid and antihistamine
It can treat and prevent heartburn. it can also treat stomach ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause too much stomach acid.

Nizatidine: Axid. Antacid
It can treat ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause too much stomach acid.

Famotidine: Fluxid, Pepcid, and Select. Antacid and antihistamine
It can treat ulcers, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and conditions that cause excess stomach acid. It can also treat heartburn caused by acid indigestion.

Misoprostol: Cytotec. Hormone
It can prevents stomach ulcers caused by anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs).

Sucralfate: Carafate. Antacid
It can treat ulcers.

Bethanechol: Urecholine. Urinary retention medication and saliva production stimulator
It can treat urinary and bladder problems by emptying the bladder and increasing urination.

Neostigmine: Muscle strengthener
It can treat myasthenia gravis. It can also reverse the effects of anesthesia.

Domperidone: Domperidone, sold under the brand name Motilium among others,
is a peripherally selective dopamine D₂ receptor antagonist that was developed by
Janssen Pharmaceutica and is used as an antiemetic, gastroprokinetic agent, and galactagogue

cisapride: Propulsid. Cisapride is a gastroprokinetic agent, a drug that
increases motility in the upper gastrointestinal tract. It acts directly as a serotonin 5-HT₄ receptor agonist and indirectly as a parasympathomimetic

Metaclopromide: reglan. Gut motility stimulator
It can treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). It can also treat gastroparesis in patients with diabetes.

Prednisolone: deltasone. Steroid
It can treat many diseases and conditions, especially those associated with inflammation.

Azathioprine: Imuran and Azasan. Immunosuppressive drug
It can prevent organ rejection after a transplant. It can also treat rheumatoid arthritis.

Methotrexate: Trexall and Rasuvo. Immunosuppressive drug and chemotherapy
It can treat cancer of the blood, bone, lung, breast, head, and neck. It can also treat rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis.

Sulfasalazine:Azulfidine. Anti-Inflammatory
It can treat ulcerative colitis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Cyclosporine: Neoral, Sandimmune, Gengraf, and Restasis. Immunosuppressive drug
It can prevent organ rejection after transplant in its oral form. It can also treat rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis. In eye drop form it can treat chronic dry eye.

Orthopedic and Neurologic Examination

WM Diagnostic Tests

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Ma Dang Yang’s 12 Star acupuncture points and Taoist herbs

work in progress (need to add more herb pictures). commentary on the points and herbs of Taoist Ma Dang Yang.

More details that explains the Taoist tradition of Ma Dang Yang please go here:
MA DANYANG’S TWELVE ACUPOINTS Valuable Points for Acupuncturists to Know and Use by Subhuti Dharmananda, Ph.D.

What I like about this system, it is very similar in point selections that my first acupuncturist Amy used. Of course she used many more, but this system is a good start and great base to work off of. You have a foundation of points, herbs, and formulas. Ma Dang Yang seems to understand the importance of jing “essence” cultivation and preservation, especially into old age as we pass various growth and decline in our age. In Men it is every 8 year cycle, in women it is every 7 years.

Some extra Herbs are added as well, some very common in many formulas. Ma Dang Yang was big on controlling sweating as to not lose excess fluids which can damage blood. Be aware that nowadays sweating is actually not a “bad” thing, as it is associated with moving water and releasing the exterior, for example a sauna or exercise have health benefits. Times are different now with controlled environments with the invention of air conditioning. People with sedentary lifestyle like office workers, need to exercise more from sitting for many hours.

The 12 Star Acupuncture Points:
Pairs that work well together:
1. ST36 with ST44 and LI4 with LI11.
2. BL40 with BL57 and Liv3 with BL60.
3. GB30 with GB34 and HT5 with LU7.
If deficient use tonify/nourish/warm.
If excess use sedate/decrease/cool.

Lieque- Branching cleft LU7 Luo point, Ren mai confluent. Location: Superior to the styloid process of the radius, 1.5 cun above the transverse crease of the wrist between brachioradial muscle and tendon abductor muscle of the thumb.
Action: Releases the exterior and expels wind, promotes the descending function of the lung, pacifies wind and phlegm, benefits the head and nape,
Indication: Headache, migraine, neck rigidity, cough, asthma, sore throat, facial paralysis, tootch ache, pain and weakness of the wrist.

Hegu- enclosed valley LI4 Yuan Location: On the dorsum of the hand, between the 1st and 2nd metacarpal bones, approximately in the middle of the 2nd metacarpal boneon the radial side.
Action: Regulate weiqi and adjust sweating, expel wind and release exterior, regulate face, eyes, nose, mouth, and ears.
Activate channel and alleviates pain, induces labour, restores yang.
Indication: Headache, Neck pain, redness, swelling/pain of eye, epistaxis, nasal obstruction, rhinorrhea, toothache, deafness, swelling face, sore throat, parotitis, trismus, facial paralysis.
febrile disease, hidrosis, abdominal pain, dysentery, constipation, amenorrhea, delayed labor, infant convulsion, pain, weakness, impairment of upper limbs.

Quchi- Pool on Bend LI11 He sea earth Location: When the elbow is flexed, the point is in the depression at the lateral end of the transverse cubital crease, midway between LU5 and lateral epicondyl of the humerus.
Action: Clears heat, cools blood, eliminates wind, drains damp, alleviates itching, regulates qi and blood, activates channel and alleviates pain.
Indication: Sore throat, toothache, red/pain eyes, scrofula, urtucaria, hives, motor impairment of upper extremities, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, febrile diseases.

Zusanli- Three miles of the foot ST36 He Sea point, Sea of food point earth. Location: 3 cun below ST35 and 1 finger breath from the anterior border of tibia.
Action: Harmonizes ST, forities SP and resolves damp, supports true Qi and yuan qi, tonifies qi and nourishes blood and yin,
clears fire and clams spirit, activates the channel and alleviates pain, revives they yang and restores consciousness.
Indication: Gastric pain, vomiting, hiccup, abdominal distention, borborygumus, diarrhea, dysentery, constipation, mastitis, enteritis, aching of knee joint, beriberi, edema, cough, asthma
indigestion, apoplexy,hemiphlegia, dizziness, insomnia, mania.

Neiting- Inner courtyard ST44 ying spring water Location: Proximal to the web margin between the second and third toes, in the depression distal and lateral to the second metatarsodigital joint.
Action: Clears heat from ST channel and alleviatespain, harmonizes the Liand clears damp-heat, calms spirit.
Indication: Toothache, pain in the face, deviation of mouth, sore throat, epistaxis, gastric pain, acid reflux, abdominal distention, diarrhea, dysentery, constipation, febrile diseases.

Tongli- Penetrating the Interior HE5 Luo connecting point Location: When the palm faces upward, the point is on the radial side of the tendon of m.flexor carpi ulnaris, 1 cun above the transverse wrist crease.
Action: Calm the spirit, regulate heart qi and rhythm, benefits the tongue, activates channel and alleviates pain.
Indication: Palpatations, dizziness, blurring vision, sore throat, sudden loss of voice, aphasia with stiff tongue, pain in wrist and elbow.

Weizong- Middle of the crook BL40 He- sea of BL, Gao wu command Earth Location: Midpoint of the transverse crease of the popliteal fossa, between the tendon of m. biceps femoris and m. semitendinosus.
Actions: Benefits the lumbar region and legs, Activates the channel and alleviates pain, cool the blood, clears summer heat,
stops vomiting and dirrhea, benefits the bladder
Indication Lower back pain, motor impairment of the hip joint, contracture of the tendon I the popliteal fossa, muscular trophy, pain in lowr extremites, hemiplegia, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, erysipelas.

Chengshan-Support the Mountain BL57 Heavenly Star point Location: On the posterior of the leg, between BL40 and BL60, in a pointed depression formed below the gastronemius muscle belly when the leg is stretched.
Actions: Relaxes the sinews, activates channel and alleviates pain, benefits calf and heel, treats hemerroids.
Indication Lower back pain, spasm of gastronemius, hemmeroids, constipation, beriberi.

Kunlun- Lunlun mountains BL60 Jing river, Heavenly star Fire Location: In the depression between the tip of the external malleolus and achilles tendon.
Actions: Clears heat and lowers yang, pacifies wind and leads down excess, activates entire BL channel and alleviate pain,
Relaxes sinews and strengthes lumbar spine, promotes labor.
Indication Headache, blurred vision, neck rigidity, epistaxis, pain in the shoulder, back, and arm, sweeling pain of heel, difficult labor, epilepsy.

Huantao- Jumping Circle GB30 Meeting Point of GB and BL. Heavenly star point. Location: At the junction of the lateral 1/3 and medial 2/3 of the distance between the prominence of the great trochanter and the hiatus of the sacrum (GV2) . Side position for patient.
Actions: Activates channel and alleviates pain, benefits hip and leg, dispels wind-damp.
Indication: Pain in lumbar region and thigh, muscular atrophy of lower limbs, hemiplegia.

Yanglingquan- Yang Mound Spring GB34 He Sea, Hui- Sinews, Heavenly Start point. earth Location: In the depression anterior and inferior to the head of the fibula.
Actions: Benefits the sinews and joints, Activates channel and alleviates pain, spreads liver qi and lateral coastal region,
clears Liv. and GB damp-heat, harmozines Shaoyang.
Indication: Hemiplegia, weakness, numbness and pain of the lower extremities, swelling and pain of the lower extremities, knee pain, hypochondriac pain, bitter taste, vomiting, jaundice, infantile convulsion.

Taichong- Great Rushing LV3 Yuan source, Shu- stream, Heavenly star earth Location: On the dorsum of the foot, in the depression distal to the junction of the first and second metatarsal bones.
Action: Spreads liver qi, subdues liver yang and extinguishes wind, nourishes liver blood and liver wind, clears head and eyes,
regulates menstruation, regulates lower jiao.
Indication: Headache dizziness, vertigo, insomnia, congestion, swelling and pain of eye, depression, infantile convulsion, deviation of the mouth, pain in the hypochondriac region, uterine bleeding, hernia, enuresis,retention of urine, epilepsy, pain in the anterior aspect of medial malleolus.

Herbs and Foods:

Herbs that invigorate the blood:
facilitate the flow of blood and augment movement to prevent blood stasis.

Jiang Huang (Tumeric) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid, bitter Sp, ST, Liv Invigorates the blood, breaks up blood stasis, drives Qi downward, treats wind-damp painful obstructions 3-9g pregnancy

Herbs that Tonify the Yang
These ares are typically warm and drying, which can lead to injury of yin and assist fire.
They are normally used with Qi transformation issues where the KD, SP, and HT are Yang deficient.
They also mostly specifically target the Kidney Yang. That is where you have a cold sensations, cold hands and feet, aversion to cold, lower back pain, and weak pulse.
Infertility, impotence, and leakages are also a sign of weak kidney yang.
Lu Rong ( Deer Velvet) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Sweet, salty KD, Liv. Fortifies primal yang, generates essence, augments the marrow 1-2g heat related issues.

He Tao Ren (Walnut) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Sweet KD, LI, LU Tonifies KD and LU, alleviates lower back pain, settles wheezing, moistens intestines, brain tonic. 9-15g phlegm fire.

Yi Zhi Ren (black cardamon) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Acrid KD, SP Warmly tonifies SP and KD yang, secures urine for bed wetting, assist KD to grasp Qi, stop diarrhea 3-9g lower burner heat.
Tu Si Zi (dodder seeds) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Acrid, sweet Kd, Liv. Warms primal Yang, nourishes yin, secures essence, tonifies KD, SP, and Liv. w/o cloying. 6-15g Fie from yin def.
Zi He Che (Placenta) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Hot Sweet salty LIV, LU, KD Warm the KD yang, Tonifies LU and KD Qi, augements blood and essence, neuroasthenic 2-3g heat and yin def.
Dong Chong Xia Cao (Cordyceps) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang warm Sweet LU, KD Gently tonifies KD Yang, Augements essence, Tonifes Lung, settles cough and wheezing, stops sweating 3-9g exterior conditions.

Herbs that Tonify the blood
These herbs are used in patterns of blood deficiency and nourish the blood. If patient has pallid face, dizziness, vertigo, lethargy, palpitations, dry skin, menstrual irregulation.
Heart, Spleen , and Liver are most affected by blood deficiency. These herbs are often prescribed with stomach strengthening herbs to prevent indigestion since these herbs can cause sticky and cloying.

Herbs that Stabilize and Bind

These are sour and astringent type of herbs that help to keep fluids in and close orifices. They want to prevent leaking, distension, out of position organs, often in elderly as well.
These herbs do three main things:
1)Stop Sweating: Fu Xiao Mia, Ma Huang Gen, Nuo Dao Gen.
2)Stop diarrhea: He Ji, Yu Yu Liang, Rou Dou Kou, Shi Liu Pi, Chi Shi zhi, Chun Pi, wu Mei, Wu Bei Zi.
3) Stop Lower body leakage spermatorrhea, Leukorrhea, Urinary Frequency: Wu Wei Zi, Lian Zi, QianShi, Shan Zhu Yu, Jin Ying Zi, Sang Piao Xiao, Fu Pen Zi, Hai Piao, Xiao.
Cough is also another type of leakage in this category of herbs.

Shan Zhu Yu (asian cherry fruit) Herbs that Stabalize and Bind warm sour KD, Liv Stabalize KD, secure Essence, Stop excessive sweating, tonify KD and Liv., stabalize menses 6-12g Urinary pain, difficulty due to damp heat.
Wu Wei Zi (Schisandra fructus) Herbs that Stabalize and Bind warm sour, sweet HT, KD, LU contain leakage of qi, stop cough, tonify kindy, bind essence, inhibit sweat, generate fluids, quiet spirit, contain heart qi. “3-6g
” can cause heartburn, unresolved exterior, excess interior heat, early stage rash or cough.

Wu Mei (mume fruit) Herbs that Stabilize and Bind warm sour , astringent LI, Liv, Lung, SP inhibit leakage of Lung qi, stop cough, generate fluids, alleviate thirst, expel round worms, alleviate pain, stop diarrhea, topical for warts. 6-12g internal heat, unresolved external disorder.
He Zi (cherry plum) Herbs that Stabilize and Bind neutral bitter, sour astringent LU, sT, LI bind intestines, stops diarrhea, contain Lung Qi leakage, stop cough, assist throat 3-9g exterior pattern w/internal, stagnation damp-heat

Rou Dou Kou (nutmeg seed) Herbs that Stabilize and Bind warm Acrid LI, SP, ST Binds up Intestines, stop diarrhea, warm middle, Move qi, alleviate pain 3-9g hot diarrhea, stomach heat.
Shi Liu Pi (Pomegranate skin) Herbs that Stabilize and Bind warm sour , astringent LI, ST Binds intestines, stops diarrhea, kills parasites, 3-9g “not to be taken with oil and fats to kill parasite, becomes, toxic.

Chun Pi Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Cold bitter, astringent LI, ST Clears heat, dry damp, bind up intestines, kills parasites. 6-9g ST/SP cold or kindney yin def.

Chi Shi Zhi Herbs that Stabilize and Bind Warm sweet, sour, astringent SP, ST, LI Binds up intestines, stop diarrhea, constrain blood, stop bleeding, promote healing of wounds. 9-18g pregnancy, hot diarrhea, dysentery early stage, damp-heat.

Yu Yu Liang Herbs that Stabilize and Bind neutral Sweet , astringent LI, ST Binds intestines, stops diarrhea, restrain, inhibit, and stop bleeding. 9-18g pregnancy, excess patterns.
Lian Zi (Lotus seed) Herbs that Stabilize and Bind Neutral Sweet , astringent HT, KD, SP Tonify spleen stop diarrhea, tonify KD stablize essence, Nourish heart calm spirit 6-15g abdominal distention, constipation.

Sang Piao Xiao ‘Mantis Egg’ Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Neutral Sweet, salty KD, LIV reinforce the Yang at ming men, secure essence, contain urine (bedwetting, nocturnal emission) 4-9g yin def. /heat signs.

Lian Xu (Lotus Stamen) Herbs that Stabalize and Bind neutral Sweet, astringnet HT, KD, Liv Stronger astringent than lotus seed, summer fire 3-9g “NA

Qian Shi Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Neutral Sweet, astringnet KD, SP tonify and restrain SP and KD, elimate dampness, lower burner astringnet, difficult urination/defecation. 9-15g

Jing Ying Zi “cherokee rosehips” Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Neutral sour , astringent UB, KD, LI bind lower burner to secure essence, contain urination, halt chronic diarrhea.

Fu Pen Zi “chinese rasberry” Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Neutral Sweet , astringent KD, LIV Augment the true yin of the kidneys, contain urine, secure the essence 6-12g Yin def. w/heat

Wu Bei Zi ‘gallnut’ Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Cold Sour, salty KD, LI, LU Stop diarrhea, Contain Lung qi, bind up intestines, transform phelm, resolve fire toxicity 3-9g cough due to wind-cold

Fu Xiao mai ‘wheat grain’
Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Cool sweet, salty HT Stop sweat, augment HT Qi, inhibity HT fluid, clear heat from pores, stop sweat, night sweats. sweating due to exterior pattern

Herbs that Calm the spirit
Long Gu (Fossile bones) Substance that Calm the spirit Neutral Sweet , Astringent HT, Liv, Kd Settles anxiety, calms spirit for emotional distress, Calms Liver and anchors floating Yang, topically for sores 15-30g damp-heat, exterior.

Mu Li (Oyster shell) Substance that Calm the spirit cool salty, astringent Liv. KD heavily settles and calms the spirit, benefits yin, anchors floating yang, prevents leakage of fluids, softens hardness: nodules 9-30g high fever with sweat.

Suan Zao Ren (juJube seed) Herbs that Calm the spirit Neutral sour, sweet GB, HT, Liv, SP Nourish the Heart yin, augment liver blood, quiet spirit, prevent abnormal sweating 9-15g diarrhea, excess heat.

Yuan Zhi Herbs that Calm the spirit warm bitter, acrid HT, LU Calm spirit, Quiet heart, Expel phlegm, clear orifices, reduces abscesses 6-15g yin def, gastritis, peptic ulcers.

Ling Zi (Reishi mushroom) Herbs that Calm the spirit Neutral Sweet HT, Liv, LU Calms the spirit, augments heart qi, tonifies heart blood, tonifies Lung qi, transform phelgm, tonifies Qi, nourish blood 3-15g exterior.

Herbs that Tonify Qi
These herbs strengthen where there is weakness and insufficiency. They need to be added with herbs that expel pathogens. “Support the normal and expel pathogens” is the common phrase. If there is a deficiency pattern of Qi, blood, yin and yang, use these herbs.

Da Zao (Jujube) Herbs that Tonify Qi Warm Sweet SP/ST Tonfies Qi and Blood, Generates fluids, harmonizes SP, moderate toxicity of other herbs 10-30g heat from excess.

Gan Cao (Licorice) Herbs that Tonify Qi Neutral Sweet All channels, HT, LU, SP Tonifes SP Qi, moistens lungs, moderates toxicity, drains fire 1.5-9g overabundant damp.

Huang Jing (solomon seal) Herbs that Tonify Qi Neutral Sweet LU, KD, SP Tonifes qi, Nourish yin, augements essence 9-15g clogged and stagnant phlegm.

Ren Shen (ginseng) Herbs that Tonify Qi Warm Sweet, bitter LU, SP Powerfully tonifes yuan qi of 5 organs, Nourish Yin, Revives collapse, stops heavy bleeding 3-9g Fire, Liver Yang, excess yang

Dang Shen (Codonopsis) Herbs that Tonify Qi Neutral Sweet LU SP Tonifes middle burner, Augments SP and LU Qi 6-9g Excess pathogens.

Tai Zi shen Herbs that Tonify Qi Neutral Sweet, bitter LU, SP Tonify Qi and Yin weakly 9-30g None
Huang Qi (Astragalus) Herbs that Tonify Qi Warm Sweet LU, SP Raises Yang Qi, Tonifies SP and LU, Stops sweating, discharges Pus, Facilitates urination, generates flesh 9-15g Toxic sores and ulcers from heat.

Shan Yao (Chinese Yam) Herbs that Tonify Qi Neutral Sweet KD, LU, SP Tonifes Qi and Yin of SP, LU, and KD. Secures essence, used in Skin/cosmetics 9-30g dampness in ST

Tonfiy yin

Gui Ban (Fresh water turtle) Herbs that tonify the yin cold salty, sweet Ht, KD, Liv Strong tonify Liv & KD Yin, subdues the yang, strengthen bones, unblocks conception vessel. 15-45 g Pregnancy, cold damp ST.

Xin Yang shen (American ginseng) sweet, bitter, cool, enters heart, kidney, lungs, tonifies both qi and yin, cools fire fromyin def. 3-6g not for cold damp obstructing middle, fire from constraint.

Formulas to Preserve the Jing Essence

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Constitutional Acupuncture

*from Clinic Internship Spring 2017 Virginia University of Oriental Medicine (VUOM) Dr. Pyo supervisor.
last update June 2017

Constitutional acupuncture is not well known in the west but it is taking a hold in our clinic here at VUOM. From what I have gathered, some unique testing is done to determine the dominant element of the person and constitution type. There are 4 elements are used in Constitutional acupuncture, a person’s body type has a primary with a secondary element.

Air= Tae Yang (Tai yang), Earth= Tae Umin (Tai Yin), Fire= So Yang (Shao Yang), Water= So Umin (Shao Yin).

another aspect: Sa Sang Constitutional Medicine

Elements in this particular Constitution system (not to be confused with Chinese or SaSang elements)

1. Tae Yang (Tai yang): AIR
Excess Lung and Large Intestine, Def. liver and gall bladder.
Deficient Pericardium and san jiao, Excess spleen and stomach.

2. So Yang In (Shao Yang) FIRE
Excess heart and Small intestines, Def. Kidney and Bladder.
Deficient Pericardium and san jiao, Excess spleen and stomach.

3. Tae Eum In (Tai Yin type) EARTH
Excess liver and Gall bladder, Def. Lung and Large Intestines.
Excess pericardium and san jiao, Def. spleen and stomach.

4. So Eum In (Shao Yin) WATER
Excess Kidney and Bladder, Def. Heart and Small intestines.
Deficient Pericardium and san jiao, Excess spleen and stomach.

With Primary and Secondary: 8 constitution Yin-Yang types combinations
This medicine treats both the primary and secondary constitution types.

1-3 Primary Tai Yang and secondary Tai Yin
Excess Lung and large intestine, Def. Liver and Gall bladder.
Excess liver and gall bladder, Def. lung and large intestines.

1-4 Primary Tai yang, secondary Shao yin
Excess Lung and large intestine, Def. Liver and Gall bladder.
Def. Heart and Small intestine, Excess Kidney and Bladder.

2-3 Primary Shao Yang and Secondary Tai Yin
Excess Heart and small intestines, Def. Kidney and Bladder
Excess Liver and Gall Bladder, Def. Lungs and Large Intestines.

2-4 Primary Shao Yang, secondary Shao Yin
Excess Heart and small intestines, Def. Kidney and Bladder
Excess Kidney and Bladder, Def. Heart and Small Intestines.

3-1Primary Tai Yin and Secondary Tai Yang
Excess liver and gall bladder, Def. lung and large intestines.
Excess Lung and large intestine, Def. Liver and Gall bladder.

3-2Primary Tai yin, and secondary Shao Yang:
Excess liver and gall bladder, Def. lung and large intestines.
Excess heart and small intestine, def. kidney and bladder.

4-1 Primary Shao Yin, secondary Tai Yang
Excess Kidney and Bladder, Def. Heart and Small Intestines.
Excess Lung and large intestine, Def. Liver and Gall bladder.

4-2 Primary Shao Yin, secondary Shao Yang
Excess Kidney and Bladder, Def. Heart and Small Intestines.
Excess Heart and small intestines, Def. Kidney and Bladder.

Lot of needles on 5 Shu and Extraordinary Vessel

It is a complicated system of using many points in the tonify and sedate directions. In some cases it forces you to rely on a partner to do the testing. The charts at the bottom of this blog are required to get the pattern to do on a person. In other words, it is pretty impossible to memorize them all compared to something like 4 Needle Saam method which shares similar 5 element Shu points.

2 needles: bai hui and 2.5 centimeters behind bai hui.
16 needle acupuncture if you do the Shu points.
16 needle acupuncture if you do the Extraordinary Vessel points.
32 needles if you do both Shu and Extraordinary Vessel points.
34 Total needles.
Constitutional acupuncture method can be called “34 needle acupuncture” because you can do both the 5 shu point or 8 extraordinary point sets in the charts for the strongest treatment.

5 element Shu points and Saam Tonify/Sedate points. Not shown the Saam Heating and Cooling points.

What I do like about this method is it uses nature and what seems like quantum physics in its theory. The method is thought to work on all cases the patient is having in regards to physical issues, their energy level, mental health, and spiritual wellness. A good patient for this method is one with issues in a lot of places. My teacher calls this method an art form. It seems very mathematical as well.

Bio-Digital O-Ring test (BDORT)

Most of the testing is done with what is called “ring testing” where the patient holds the thumb and middle finger together, places the other middle finger on parts of the pictures the patient is asked to touch.
It is actually a patented technique introduced by Japanese acupuncturist Dr. Yoshiaki Omura called “Bio-Digital O-Ring Test” (BDORT):

The BDORT technique is controversial as western doctors will call it quackery and pseudo science. The real knowing is testing and playing around with it so you can make an educated decision. For myself as a formally licensed Massage therapist, there seems to be some traces of Reiki thought and method in Dr. Yoshiaki Omura’s BDORT method.

The doctor tries to pull them apart using his two middle fingers to feel strength or weakness. Strong grip and weak grips can be found in the patient. Why is this? what makes standing in a certain direction or touching certain parts of a picture cause strength and weakness of trying to keep fingers touching? Earth’s Magnetic energy fields, and gravitational forces apparently working on the individual. This is indication of what the patient needs or doesn’t need. BDORT can be done with food, vitamins, herbs, find allergens… things your body may need or not need. The body will tell you. This is how the doctor finds which image, element, cardinal direction, etc. is best for patient. Other testing also indicates clockwise/counter clockwise energy patterns of a patient.

Some of the Images the patient will touch: (not shown: spiral galaxy clockwise and counter-clock wise)

Lost yet? Sound a bit too mystical or farfetched?

So here is something pretty cool: this “ring technique” works for needling direction. A assistant to the doctor is used when the doctor places a chop stick or needling tube in the direction or opposite direction of channel. For Extraordinary points the doctor does the “ring test” towards the front or back of patient. The reason for this is the Channels go up or down the body, while the extraordinary energy spirals left and right around the body. So if the doctor has a hard time pulling the ring apart for instance in the counter direction for ST36 on right side, then he will use sedation direction on rt. Side and tonification direction on left side and confirm this with the ring test on left side.

Images related to this system:

Time of day, direction, so much to know. Direction a patient is needled is also changed based on the direction they were needled last time. Some people are clockwise energy, others are counterclockwise wise. There is a lot to know at this point as I am still trying to figure out this method, but am fascinated on the ring testing as it seems to be real and not fake.

In the future a book will be translated/written by my intern teacher Dr. Pyo, but his brother who is a Western medical doctor, qigong master, and acupuncturist devised this method based on the 5 element “shu points” and extraordinary points using theory of polarity, the universe, nature, and earth.

Start Finding the elements:

Easy method
2 perpendicular needle bai hui and 2.5 cm behind bai hui. Lay patient to face north to open channels.

Determine clock wise (rt. tai yang xue at temple) or counter-clockwise (left tai yang xue at temple) test for O-ring strongest by pointing middle finger on each side to O-ring test.

Clock wise patient: use rt. arm, and Counter-clockwise, choose left arm.

Moon Chart times. If is not moon time, then it is Sun time.

O-ring test in Sun time is primary element, O-ring test at moon time is secondary element.
Lung 9 (Tai Yuan) is Earth
Lung 5 (ChiZe) is Air
Heart 7 (Shen Men) is Fire
Heart 9 (Shao Chong)is Water

The primary and secondary have to be yin yang combinations. It cannot be Yang Yang or Yin Yin example: Tai Yang- Shao Yang is not a correct primary secondary.

Longer Method to find element

Insert 2 perpendicular needles at bai hui and 2.5 cm behind bai hui. Lay patient to face north to open channels.

Determine clock wise (rt. tai yang xue at temple) or counter-clockwise (left tai yang xue at temple) test for O-ring strongest by pointing middle finger on each side to O-ring test.

Clock wise patient: use rt. arm, and Counter-clockwise, choose left arm.

Shao Shang Lung: jing-well
Lung 11

Shao Chong Heart: jing well
Heart 9
strong o-ring test indicates which channel is open or active.

If Lung is active, Liver activates as well:
Clock wise person: tonify point is Lung 9 (TaiYuan) on the right side, and Sedating point is LU5 (ChiZe) on right arm Lung Channel.
Counter clock wise person: tonify point is Liver 8 (QuQuan), and sedate is Liver 2 (Xingjian).

Tai Yin (Earth type/excess Liver deficient Lung) will have strong O-ring at LU9 indicating def. Lung., and strong O-ring at Liv.8 indicates Excess Liver.

Tai Yang (Air type/excess Lung Deficient Liver) will have strong 0-ring at LU5 indicate excess lung, strong O-ring at Liv.2 indicates deficient Liver.

If Heart is active, so is the Kidney:
Clockwise person: tonify point is HT9 (Shao Chong) of right heart channel, sedate is HT7 (ShenMen).
Counter-clockwise person: tonify is KD1 (Yongquan) on Left kidney channel, sedate is KD7 (FuLiu).

Shao Yin (Water/excess kidney and deficient heart) will have strong O-ring at HT9 indicate def. of heart, and strong O-ring at KD1, indicates excess of Kidney.

Shao Yang (Fire/excess heart and Deficent Kidney) will have strong O-ring at HT7 indicate excess heart, and strong o-ring at KD7 indicates deficient Kidney.

Time of Day Chart: These show Moon times, if it is not Moon time, use Sun time.

Charts on the set to be done on the patient based on Constitution test results.
*Find Bai Hui and place a at Bai hui and a needle two centimeters behind Bai Hui. This is a good start to the needling for some needle direction testing as well.

**NOTE: The Extraordinary Vessel points ARE NOT Needled in the tonify sedate direction. You will see they will indicate left or right direction. see last column. for example Kidney 6 (KD6) is either needled towards toes or heel. this is because the extraordinary channel energy moves left or right across body, not up or down like regular 12 channels.

1-4 Air primary Water secondary
Counter Clock: Moon top, Sun bottom

Clockwise: Sun top, Moon bottom

2-3 Fire primary Earth secondary
Counter Clock: Moon top, Sun bottom

Clockwise: Sun top, Moon bottom

2-4 Fire primary Water secondary
Counter Clock: Moon top, Sun bottom

Clockwise: Sun top, Moon bottom

3-1 Earth primary Air secondary
Counter Clock: Moon top, Sun bottom

Clockwise: Sun top, Moon bottom

3-2 Earth primary fire secondary
Clockwise: Sun top, Moon bottom

Counter Clock: Moon top, Sun bottom

4-1 Water primary Air secondary
Clockwise: Sun top, Moon bottom

Counter Clock: Moon top, Sun bottom

4-2 Water primary Fire secondary
Counter Clock: Moon top, Sun bottom

Clockwise: Sun top, Moon bottom

This Type is the most rare, our clinical experience has not been able to gather data on the direction of needle. It will have to be done when you find this rare type.

1-3 Air primary Earth secondary
Counter Clock: Moon top, Sun bottom

Clockwise: Sun top, Moon bottom

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